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JEWELRY Timelines gemstones, cuts, standards, synthetic, plastics

Jewelry TYPEs
BCE
.
GEMSTONEs
BCE
.
MATERIALs
CE
gold
3000
.
"Precious"
.
.
Artificial gems
.
lost wax (investment cast)
3000
.
Diamond
.
.
high-lead glass
.
chain
3000
.
Ruby
.
.
cubic zirconia
1937
enameled
1100
.
Saphire
.
.
.
.
champleve
1100
.
Emerald
.
.
moissanite
1905
.
.
.
"Semi-Precious"
.
.
.
.
.
CE
.
130 minerals
.
.
.
.
cloisonne
600
.
50 common
.
.
Synthetic
.
nielo
800
.
.
.
.
diamond
.
silver
1600
.
Polish Carve
BCE
.
Corundums
.
rhinestone
1775
.
Mesopotamia polished
3000
.
ruby
.
platinum
1800
.
China - carved Jade
250
.
saphire
.
Cameo
00
.
.
.
.
emerald
.
encrusted
20
.
Early Cuts
CE
.
.
.
basse-taille
90
.
Europe - square
1300
.
.
.
pique-a-jour enamel
90
.
round
1300
.
Organic minerals
BCE
steel
1900
.
Rose
1500
.
Amber
.
Bakelite
09
.
Old Miner
1680
.
Bone
.
Celluloid
20
.
single (18 facet)
1650
.
Coral
.
Nylon
35
.
brilliant (58 facet)
1690
.
Ivory
.
.
.
.
Old European
1800
.
Jet
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Mother of Pearl
.
.
.
.
"Ideal" Cuts
.
.
Pearl
.
.
.
.
12mm - round
.
.
Tortoiseshell
.
.
.
.
Tolkowsky brilliant
1919
.
.
CE
.
.
.
modern brilliant
1930
.
Cultured pearl
.
.
.
.
12 x 10mm - emerald
.
.
.
.
Standards
.
.
12 x 10mm - oval
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
20 x 10mm - marquise
.
.
.
.
Mohs' hardness scale
1810
.
12 x 8mm - pear
.
.
.
.
Talc
1
.
.
.
.
Plastics
1900
Gypsum
2
.
Fancy Cuts
.
.
Bakelite
1909
Calcite
3
.
baguette
.
.
Celluloid
1920
Fluorite
4
.
heart shape
.
.
Nylon
1935
Apatite
5
.
kite
.
.
.
.
Orthoclase feldspar
6
.
triangle
.
.
.
.
Quartz
7
.
trilliant
.
.
.
.
Topaz
8
.
.
.
.
.
.
Corundum
9
.
.
.
.
.
.

diamond

10
.
.
.
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Jewelry TYPEs
year
.
GEMSTONEs
year
.
MATERIALs
year
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