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PHYSICS Science Timelines Physicist, Discovery, Nobel Prize

PHYSICIST
BCE
DISCOVERY
.
PHYSICIST
CE
DISCOVERY
Aristarchus
300
heliocentric idea
.
.
1900
.
.
.
.
.
Max Planck *
00
Planck's constant
.
CE
.
.
Albert Einstein *
05
theory of special relativity
Anonomous
1100
lodestone as compass
.
Niels Bohr *
13
quantum atom model
Nicholas Copernicus
1512
heliocentric theory
.
Robert Millikan *
13
fundamental unit of charge
Tycho Brahe
1577
parallax
.
Albert Einstein *
15
theory of general relativity
Galileo Galilei

1589

acceleration constant
.
Werner Heisenberg *
27
uncertainty principle
.
1600
.
.
Edwin Hubble
29
expansion of universe
Johannes Kepler
09
2 laws planetary motion
.
James Chadwick
32
the neutron
Galileo Galilei
09
builds telescope
.
Carl Anderson
32
the positron
"
13
Sunspots prove sun rotates
.
Wolfgang Paul
33
neutrinos
Johannes Kepler
19
3rd law planetary motion
.
Oppenheimer et al
45
atomic bomb
Willebrord Snell
21
Law of Refraction
.
Denis Gabor
47
hologram theory
Christian Huygens
56
Pendulum Clock
.
Shockley et al
48
semiconductors
Isaac Newton
65
inverse square law
.
Fred Hoyle
49
big bang theory
Isaac Newton
65
calculus
.
.
1950
.
John Wallis
68
conservation momentum
.
Paul Dirac *
50
string theory
Ole Romer
75
speed of light estimate
.
Edward Teller et al
52
hydrogen bomb
Christian Huygens
78
wavefront sources principle
.
Charles Townes
53
the maser
.
1700
.
.
.
55
caesium atomic clock
Edmond Halley
05
periodicity of comets
.
Martin Ryle
55
radio telescope interferometry
Benjamin Franklin
52
lightning is electricity
.
Bardeen et al
57
superconductivity
John Michel
83
black holes
.
Charles Townes
58
the laser
Henry Cavendish
98
gravatational constant
.
Pound & Rebka
60
gravitational red-shift
Count Rumford
98
heat is energy
.
Edward Lorenz
61
chaos theory
.
1800
.
.
Leith & Upatnieks
62
1st hologram
Alessandro Volta
00
electric battery
.
Giacconi et al
62
cosmic X-rays
Thomas Young
01
light is waves
.
Benoit Mandelbrot
62
fractal images
Hans Oersted
20
electricity & magnetism connected
.
Gell-Mann & Zweig
63
quark aces model
Ampere
20
parallel electric currents interact
.
Penzias & Wilson
65
3k background radiation
Michael Faraday
21
electric motor
.
Bell & Hewish
67
pulsars
Sadi Carnot
24
heat engine analysis
.
Fritsch et al
72
Quantum Chromodynamics
Simon Ohm
26
law of electric resistance
.
.
.
.
Robert Brown
27
Brownian motion
.
.
.
.
Faraday
31
electromagnetic induction
.
.
.
.
Lord Kelvin
48
absolute zero temperture
.
.
.
.
Lord Kelvin
74
2nd law thermodynamics
.
.
.
.
Heinrich Hertz
87
photoelectric effect
.
.
.
.
Heinrich Hertz
88
radio waves
.
.
.
.
Antoine Becquerel *
96
radioactivity
.
.
.
.
Joseph Thomson
97
the electron
.
.
.
.
Ernest Rutheford
99
alpha & beta particles
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
*
=
Nobel Prize
.
*
=
Nobel Prize
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
PHYSICIST
year
DISCOVERY
.
PHYSICIST
year
DISCOVERY
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