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CHEMISTRY Science Timelines Chemist, Discovery, Nobel Prize

CHEMIST
BCE
DISCOVERY
.
CHEMIST
1900
DISCOVERY
Democritus
450
particles = atoms
.
H. Becquerel *
00
radioactivity
.
.
.
.
H. Moisson *
00
electric furnace -fluorine
.
CE
.
.
Emil Fischer *
00
enzimes purines
Alchemists
1000
turn lead into gold
.
Sir J.J.Thomson *
00
electron cathode ray
Sir Robert Boyle
1670
molecules gas laws
.
Savante Arrhenius *
00
Functions
Edward Jenner
1776
smallpox vaccination
.
Charles Martin Hall
00
aluminum manufacture
Joseph Priestly

1780

carbon monoxide
.
Leo H. Baekeland
07
1st synthetic resin
"
"
nitrous oxide - oxygen
.
"
"
Bakelite
C.W. Scheele
1785
chlorine - oxidation
.
Walther Nernst *
10
thermochemistry
"
"
photochemistry
.
Marie Curie *
10
radium - radioactivity
Nicholas Le Blanc
1790
Soda Ash
.
F. Haber *
10
1st industrial fixation
A.L. Lavosier
1790
nitrogen acids organic
.
"
"
synthesized ammonia
"
"
"Father of Chemistry"
.
Sir E. Rutherford *
10
radioactive half-life
A. Volta
1800
electric battery
.
F.W. Aston *
20
mass spectrograph
John Dalton
07
atomic theory
.
Hans Fischer *
20
porphyrins - chlorophyll
C.L. Berthollet
10
chlorine bleach
.
Irving Langmuir *
20
surface chemistry
A. Avogadro
20
gas molecules
.
"
"
monomolecular films
Sir Humphry Davy
20
electrochemistry
.
Thomas Midgley
20
gasoline antiknock add
J.L. Gay-Lussac
30
boron - iodine - litmus
.
"
"
flurocarbon refrigerant
J.J. Berzelius
40
isomer - catalyst
.
Frederick Banting *
20
porphyrins - chlorophyll
"
"
elements Se Si Th Ti Zr
.
H. Staudinger *
25
high-polymer structure
Michael Faraday
40
electrolysis - energy
.
A. Flemming *
28
penicillin - antibiotics
F. Wohler
40
synthetic organic chem.
.
H. Staudinger *
25
high-polymer structure
Charles Goodyear
44
vulcanize rubber
.
A. Flemming *
28
penicillin - antibiotics
J von Liebig
1855
photosynthesis
.
James Chadwick *
30
neutron
"
"
fertiliser - chloroform
.
Harold C.Urey *
30
Deuterium
Thomas Graham
60
Colloid Chemistry
.
"
"
origins of the universe
J.W. Hyatt
69
Celluloid - first plastic
.
Wallace Carothers
30
neoprene - nylon
Louis Pasteur
70
bacteria cause disease
.
W.K. Heisenberg *
30
Uncertainity Principle
"
"
sterilization
.
Enrico Fermi *
39
nuclear fission control
Joseph Lister
70
antiseptics
.
Ernest Lawrence *
39
cyclotron
A. Kekule
80
Aeromatic Chemistry
.
Willard F. Libby *
1950
radiocarbon dating
"
"
benzene ring
.
F.H.C. Crick
53
DNA molecule
Alfred Nobel
90
explosives - Nobel Prize
.
Robert Woodward *
60
syntheses of compounds
D.L. Mendeleev
90
Periodic Table elements
.
.
.
.
Sir W.H. Perkin
90
organic dyes - perfume
.
.
.
.
Josiah W. Gibbs
95
laws of thermodynamics
.
.
.
.
"
"
nature of entropy
.
.
.
.
H. Chardonnet
95
1st synthetic fiber
.
.
.
.
W.K. Roentgen *
95
x-radiation
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
*
=
Nobel Prize
.
*
=
Nobel Prize
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CHEMIST
year
DISCOVERY
.
CHEMIST
year
DISCOVERY
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