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ECOLOGY Timelines Ecologist, Creation, Conservation, Energy Sources

ECOLOGY
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ENVIRONMENTAL Science
Study of the distribution and abundance of life and the interactions between organisms and their natural environment
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studies the interactions among the physical, chemical and biological components of the environment
ECOLOGIST
CE
CREATION
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Conservation
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Isaac Walton
1640
the Compleat Angler
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electric thermostat
1883
US -Warren Johnson
Jared Eliot
1748
Field Husbandry New England
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daylight savings time
1916
Europe -WWI
Carl Sprengel
1828
Law of the Minimum
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energy use
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= 1% less
Henry David Thoreau
44
Walden
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crime
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= ?%
George Perkins Marsh
64
Man and Nature
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car accidents
.
= 4% less
Ernst Haeckel
66
"ecology"
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Organic farming
30
US -
Robert Angus Smith
72
GB "acid rain"
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Green Revolution
45
US -agricultural research
Arbor Day
72
US -J.Sterling Morton
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Keep America Beautiful
53
US -waste reduction
Eduard Suess
75
"biosphere"
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Whole Earth Catalog
68
US -Stewart Brand
Sierra Club
92
US -John Muir
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Mother Earth News
70
US -recycling
Eugenius Warming
95
Plant Ecology textbook
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Earth Day
70
US -Nelson Hayes
Svante Arrhenius
96
"greenhouse effect "
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Vehicle Fuel Economy
72
US -MPG tests
Park Ranger
99
Adirondack Park
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energy demand managment
75
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Gifford Pinchot
1900
US -Forestry
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Energy Star
92
US -appliance tests
G.Washington Carver
02
How to Build Up worn Out Soils
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hydrogen refueling station
2003
Iceland
Henry Des Voeux
05
GB -"smog"
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WaterSense
06
US
Ecological Society of Am.
15
Formed
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Al Gore
06
An Inconvenient Truth
Aldo Leopold
25
US -wildlife management
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Committee Preserve Natural Conditions
26
Naturalist's Guide to Americas
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ENERGY Sources
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Arthur Tansley
35
"ecosystem"
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Renewable
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Ducks Unlimited.
36
US -wetlands
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windmill
600
Afghanistan
UNESCO
45
education science culture
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tide mill
1200
europe
Ecologists' Union
46
"direct action"
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lead-acid battery
1859
FR -Gaston Planté
Aldo Leopold
49
A Sand County Almanac
.
cogeneration
82
US -Thomas Edison
Nature Conservancy
1951
Founded
.
municipal steam
82
US -New York City
Mauna Loa Observatory
58
atmospheric CO2 monitoring
.
electric thermostat
83
US -Warren Johnson
Rachel Carson
62
Silent Spring
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geothermal
1904
Italy
Paul Ehrlich
68
The Population Bomb
.
Ocean thermal energy conversion
30
OTEC -Cuba
Friends of Earth
69
anti-nuc
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biofuels
37
Belgium
Greenpeace
71
anti-nuc
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solar cell
46
US -Russell Ohl
Club of Rome
72
the Limits to Growth
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neuclear power plant
51
US -Idaho
UN Environment Programme
72
UNEP
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Solar
.
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the whole Earth from space
72
Apollo 17 photo
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1% solar cell
1883
US -Charles Fritts
W.G. Rosen
85
"biodiversity"
.
solar water heating
1920
US -flat plate collectors
Climate Change
88
UN Panel
.
5% solar cell
46
US -Russell Ohl
William Rees
92
"Ecological footprint"
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6% solar cell
54
US -Bell Labs
Kyoto Protocol
2005
greenhouse gases
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8% solar cell
57
US -AT&T
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14% solar cell
60
US -Hoffman
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10% thin film solar cell
80
US -U of Delaware
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20% solar cell
85
US -U New S Wales
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refective solar concentrator
89
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30% solar cell
94
concentrator -NREL
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42% solar cell
2007
US -U of Delaware
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Fuel Cell
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phosphoric-acid fuel cell
1838
GER -Friedrich Schönbein
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Proton exchange membrane fuel cell
1966
US -GE
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solid oxide fuel cell
2003
GER -BMW
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Molten carbonate fuel cell
06
GER -MTU
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ECOLOGY
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ENVIRONMENT
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EVENT
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