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BIOLOGY Sciences Timelines Biologist, Biochemist, Discovery, Tools

BIOLOGY
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BIOCHEMISTRY
Examines the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution of living things
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Studies the chemical processes in living organisms and the structure and function of cellular components
BIOLOGIST
BCE
DISCOVERY
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BIOCHEMIST
CE
DISCOVERY
Xenophanes
450
Fossils - evolution
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Friedrich Wöhler
1828
urea synthesis
Aristotle
350
Classification of animals
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Theodor Schwann
36
pepsin -1st enzime
Theophrastos
300
Systematic Botany
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Wilhelm Kühne
78
"enzime"
Diocles
100
Anatomy book
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Emil Fischer
84
structure of sugars
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CE
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Pliny the Elder
70
Historia Naturalis encyclopedia
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Carl Neuberg
1903
"biochemistry" name
Al-Jahiz
800
food chain
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Eduard Buchner *
07
"zymase" enzime
Avicenna
1010
clinical trials
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Ibn al-Nafis
1242
circulatory system
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James Sumner *
26
"urease" enzime
Leonhart Fuchs
1542
book 500 plant species
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Alexander Fleming
28
penicillin 1st antibiotic
Girolamo Fracastoro
43
Germ theory of disease
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Tadeus Reichstein
33
vitamin C synthesis
Ippolito Salviani
54
History . Aquatic Animals
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James Sumner *
37
"catalase" enzime
Alessio Piemontese
55
Secreti - medical recipes
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Northrop* & Stanley*
40
"pepsin" enzime
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
1676
protozoa
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Woodward & Eggers
44
quinine synthesis
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77
spermatozoa
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Max Perutz *
59
hemoglobin structure
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83
bacteria
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Arthur Kornberg *
59
polynucleotides
Joseph Priestley
1771
plants produce oxygen
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John Kendrew *
60
myoglobin
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71
plants produce carbon dioxide
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Stanley Prusiner *
82
prions
Thomas Malthus
98
population growth
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Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
1801
invertebrate taxonomy
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Pierre-Joseph Pelletier
17
chlorophyll
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Karl von Baer
26
eggs in ovaries
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Friedrich Woehler
28
urea -1st synthesis
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BIOCHEMISTRY
CE
TOOLS
Theodor Schwann
36
pepsin -1st enzime
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Mikhail Tsvet
1903
chromatography
Matthias Schleiden.
38
plants made of cells
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Salt Structure
14
x-ray crystallography
Martin Barry
43
sperm & egg fusion
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Ernst Ruska -Max Knoll
31
electron microscopsy
Louis Pasteur
56
microorganisms fermentation
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Siemens -TEM
39
transmission electron microscope
Charles Darwin.
58
natural selection
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Martin* & Synge*
40
gas chromatography
Gregor Mendel
65
plant genetics
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.
50
thin layer chromatography
Friedrich Miescher
69
nucleic acids in nuclei
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Cambridge-SEM
65
scanning electron microscope
Emil Fischer
84
structure of sugars
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Kurt Wüthrich *
65
NMR spectroscopy
Martinus Beijerinck
98
virus
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Cuatrecasas & Wilchek
87
affinity chromatography
Sutton & Boveri
1902
chromosomes heredity
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William Bateson

05
Genetics
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Ivan Pavlov
07
conditioned responses
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Wilhelm Johannsen
09
Gene
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Alexander Fleming
28
penicillin 1st antibiotic
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Tadeus Reichstein
33
vitamin C synthesis
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Konrad Lorenz
35
imprinting
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Donald Griffin
40
sonar echolocation
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Woodward & Eggers
44
quinine synthesis
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Robert Woodward
1951
cholesterol cortisone
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Rosalind Franklin
52
DNA is double helix
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Max Perutz *
59
hemoglobin structure
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Severo Ochoa *
59
* 1st NOBEL Prize
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Arthur Kornberg *
59
polynucleotides
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John Kendrew *
60
myoglobin
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John Gurden
67
frog cloned
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Stanley Prusiner *
82
prions
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1st complete genome
95
living organism
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1st adult animal
96
sheep clone -Dolly
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complete human
2001
genome published
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NOBEL PRIZE = *
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BIOLOGIST
year
DISCOVERY
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.
year
DISCOVERY
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